Out of this world…Bismuth!

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The Element Bismuth is astonishing. Often confused with lead or tin, Bismuth which has been around since ancient times. Claude Geoffroy the Younger was the first to name this distinct element in 1753.

Bismuth looks unrealistic but does occur free in nature and also in such minerals as bismuthinite (Bi2S3) and bismite (Bi2O3). Bolivia has the largest deposits of bismuth and its usually obtained as a by-product of mining and refining lead, copper, silver, tin and gold.

Pure bismuth is a white, brittle metal with a slight pinkish hue. It is usually mixed with other metals like cadmium, lead, tin, iron to form low-melting alloys. They are used in such things as automatic fire detection systems, fire sprinkler systems and electrical fuses.

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